Plexus Palsy is a condition that affects the nerves that control
the muscles in the arm and hand. The term "brachial"
refers to the arm, and the term "plexus" means "nerves."
The brachial plexus, a group of nerves, is located on the right
and left side of your neck, between the neck and shoulder area
and runs from the spinal cord through the arm to the wrist and
hand. Damage to these nerves occurs when a baby's shoulders
become impacted at birth, stretching or tearing the brachial
plexus. Shoulder dystocia, a condition in which one of the baby's
shoulders becomes stuck under the mother's pelvic bone during
birth, is one of the main causes of Brachial Plexus Palsy. This
often happens as a result of a doctor's failure to anticipate
a larger-sized baby. For more information on Brachial Plexus
Injuries, including Erb's Palsy, visit our Resources
page or contact our Brachial Plexus and Erb's Palsy lawyers
AND SYMPTOMS OF BRACHIAL PLEXUS INJURIES
TYPES OF BRACHIAL PLEXUS INJURIES, INCLUDING
TREATMENT FOR BRACHIAL PLEXUS INJURIES,
INCLUDING ERB'S PALSY
The most common signs of a brachial plexus injury are as follows:·
limp or paralyzed arm
of muscle control in the arm
A decrease of sensation in the arm or hand
Loss of sensation in the arm or hand
Lack of control of shoulder or elbow muscles
of Brachial Plexus Palsy will vary depending on which nerves
sustain damage. Some children with BPP have no muscle control
and no feeling in the arm or hand. Others can move their arms,
but have little control over the wrist and hand. Some children
can use their hands well but cannot use the shoulder or elbow
of Brachial Plexus Injuries
are four types of nerve injuries: avulsion, rupture, neuroma,
- the nerve is torn from the spine
- the nerve is torn but not where it attaches to the spine
Neuroma - the nerve has tried to heal itself, but scar tissue
has grown around the injury. The scar tissue puts pressure on
the injured nerve. As a result, the nerve cannot conduct signals
to the muscles.
Praxis - the nerve has been damaged but not torn. These
injuries heal on their own. If your child has praxis, you should
see improvement within 3 months.
on what nerves are damaged, Brachial Plexus injuries are given
names to describe the damage. For example, "Erb's Palsy"
is when the brachial plexus injury occurs in a child's upper
plexus. The name "Klumpke's Palsy" is given
to a brachial plexus injury that occurs in a child's lower plexus.
Brachial Plexus Injuries, including Erb's Palsy, are treated
with a combination of exercise, focused therapy and, in many
cases, surgery to correct the damaged nerves. Each treatment
plan is unique based on the child's severity and is carefully
planned and managed by a team of specialists. An occupational
or physical therapist is usually involved in the brachial plexus
more information on Brachial Plexus Injuries or Erb's Palsy,
visit our Resources page. Or call
our Brachial Plexus and Erb's Palsy attorneys today at 1-800-732-5243.
Here to submit your case for review online
or call The Birth Injury Legal Network
Experienced Birth Injury and Erb's Palsy Attorneys